Many of antiquities most praised works of art comes from this period. Here we have the statue called the dying Gaul which once was a part of a larger group called the large Gauls. These were also bronzes in original, but not from Athens. As the 3rd century continued Athens was challenged as the main artistic and intellectual centre by two other cities; Pergamum and Alexandria. This piece is from the former and dates to ca 220 Bc.