This is an overview of the ancient city of Amathous. It was founded during the 11 century BC by what could be an population originating from Cyrpus. It was to be conquered and ruled by foreign rulers several times, the Phoenicians during the 8th century BC, the Assyrians between 707 and 669,the Egyptians between 570 and 545, the Persians 545 and 332 BC. It sided, in the end, after the death of Alexander, with the Ptolemy rulers and the kingdom was abolished in 312. A last it was made a part of the Roman empire in 58 BC.
The city flourished for a long time, and the remains are impressive. It was finally abandoned when the Arabs destroyed it in 649-691 AD.